was a son of Zeus and became the great king of Crete, giving name to the
Minoan culture. He had many splendid palaces and a huge fleet that
dominated the Aegean Sea for many years. Among the things he did, he
dispelled his brother Rhadamnthys from the island, who died soon and
went to the land of Hades as a judge.
he was the son of such an important God as Zeus, he prayed also to all
other Gods, something not that normal in this situation. Helios was so
flattered that he gave Minos his daughter Pasiphae. She gave birth to
many children, among them to Phaedra and Ariadne, who were not really
happy in their lives. Phaedra married the king Theseus from Athens, but
fall in love with one of his sons from the first marriage, a 14 years
old boy. Unfortunately, the boy did not like her and told his father
about it. She tried to deny everything but, as Theseus did not believe
her, she killed herself. Ariadne was her successor.
day, the sea God Poseidon asked Minos for something more than a regular
prayer. He wanted him to make a sacrifice, exactly a white bull. The
bull is the coat of arms of Crete, since Zeus was transformed into a
bull, and the palaces were completely decorated with horns of bulls.
But, where could he find a white bull…? there is not such a thing in
Crete. When he told this to Poseidon, the God sent him a white bull from
out of the sea.
Minos found the bull, he liked it so much that he wanted it for himself.
Then he though that instead of sacrificing the white one to Poseidon, he
could kill an ill bull from his land and keep the white one. So he did.
But naturally Poseidon could the trick and took revenge in his own way.
God made Pasiphae fall in love with the bull and desire the animal
desperately. As she didn’t know how to have physical relations with it,
she asked for help to the important inventor of the Ancient times
Daidalos, who was at that time living in Crete. Daidalos built her then
a wooden cow with a hole behind to hide herself inside and approach the
a fruit of this relation Pasiphae gave birth to a real monster, the
Minotaur. This beast had the body of a person and the head of a bull… a
quite hard job for its mother during the birth, and an unavoidable
eternal proof of her crude false step. But the Minotaur became a problem
itself because it was attacking the people on the street. Again, Daidalos had to find a solution –this time for the king.
designed a labyrinth from which it was impossible to go out. After this,
the problem was how to feed the Minotaur, because they did not want to
kill him but the animal preferred mostly human flesh (and Daidalos could
not create humans yet…). Minos was then forced to start a war to get
human bodies. The chosen place was Athens, where he won the battle
thanks to Zeus help. From then on, every year the Athenians had to give
Minos nine virgins and nine young boys to feed the Minotaur.
could not stand this and left to Crete to kill the Minotaur. Minos had
nothing against this. On the contrary, he thought that Theseus would
never come back from the labyrinth and that he could then take Athens.
But Ariadne got an advice from Daidalos to save Theseus: she would stand
outside of the labyrinth holding the end of a threat while Theseus would
get in holding the other end. This way, he could manage to find the exit
after killing the Minotaur. The plan worked, he killed the beast and
returned to Athens. Minos was naturally quite angry and, when he found
out that Daidalos had helped his enemy, he closed him and his son Ikaros
in the labyrinth.
a while there were already some birds flying over them waiting for a
good meal. And with so much flying the birds were loosing some feathers.
Some thoughts after Daidalos the inventor was putting together the
feathers with the wax of the candles that were standing in a corner of
the labyrinth. The result were four big wings that they attached to
their bodies, and so they flied away from the labyrinth.
despite all the warning from his father, Ikaros was so happy with his
wings that he flied up, up, up until the son melted his wings. The boy
fell somewhere in the Aegean and got buried in an island that got named
after him: Ikaria. Daidalos continued his way and arrived to Sicily,
where the king Kokalos warmly welcomed him.
Minos had not forgiven him, and he published an enigma to try to catch
Daidalos. Of course, just Kokalos could answer it, so Minos knew where
the inventor was hiding. Therefore he left to Sicily with a big war
fleet, but before he could capture him, the daughter of Kokalos scalded
him when he was having a bath and he died. This was the end of the
Minoan rule and the so-called Minoan culture.
Theban Saga / Cretan Saga