city is located in the northwest corner of Minor Asia in the territory of
Troas. It seems that there were existing nine different Troy's, which grew
bigger and bigger with each reconstruction.
The famous Troy, there
where the Greeks fought 10 years to defeat it, was the seventh one with
the king Priamos. That this war really existed is quite sure. There were
found big store pitchers and also tracks of fire, that shows a destruction
of the city in around 1300 BC.
the reasons weren't those which homer is telling us in
the Elias I guess, but more with strategically background. The last
great ruler of the Hetihits, Tudchalijas
IV, spread a powerful
Alliance between western Anatoly tribes and pulled back immediately to
fight against disturbances in his own territory. Troy
probably belonged also to this alliance and was located in a good
strategically position, next to the Hellespont.
The Mycenaean and their allies saw a chance to
establish their territory in Minor Asia and started the war.
So they moved out and
sought the city for years. As they finally defeated them, they got that
week in their own territory that they couldn't resist anymore the pressure
of their own people, other rivals and foreign tribes. They brought about
their own downfall.
Early History / Archaic Age / Classical Age / Hellenic Age / The Army / Timeline