The first villages and settlements of Crete date
probably from a pre-ceramic time around the year 6000 BC. Around the 4000
BC, the agriculture arrived to the island from the cultures in Anatoly and
Syria. These cultures got mixed with groups of collectors and hunters that
were running away from the ice that was getting over the Aegean. The
so-called culture drift was originated in Anatolia and Killkia, that
spread out ceramic, agriculture, native customs and even language and
religion to the Aegean area.
before the construction of the huge palace of Crete is known as the Early
Minoan Period, which compresses the Stone-Copper Age and the late Bronze
Age (2800 - 2200 BC). Some forged daggers and elaborated vessels have been
found from this period. At the same time, some eastern areas of the
Mediterranean gave place to the origin of developed cultures that were
somehow related to the Minoan culture. Some of these were the Hellenic
culture, the Cycladic culture, and even the Trojan culture according to
In the early Bronze Age an important scientific rise
must be highlighted. The Cretans traded with the Egypt, Cyprus, Syria,
Anatolia and the Ciclades. On the end, but, the culture that they
developed it was not that different from that from the mainland.
Geographically, the Aegean Bronze Age can be divided
into three different parts: the Hellenic one, in the Greek mainland, the
Cycladic one, in the Greek islands, and the Minoan one, in Crete.
Around the 2000 BC, right in the middle of the
Bronze Age, Minoan culture started to flourish in Crete. At that time, the
population got together and built the first city. The fortresses of the
early Minoan Age were demolished and the first constructions of the palace
began. The way of constructing shows that people felt quite safe. The
buildings were expensive and they developed a style that used metal in
decoration. Something that could be considered as the first alphabet was
also developed during this time. This linear-A alphabet was used to list
the products of the harvest and trade, and it consisted of different signs
that were written on a clay tablet.
important factor in the great wealth that the Cretans achieved was trade
and intermediate trade. In this sector they took the place of all the
other Cyclad Islands. The most active partner was probably Egypt, whose
princes got rid of the Greek supremacy around 2200 BC and arranged an own
government. In Cyprus, Syria and the rest of the Cyclads there have also
been found signs of trade of goods with Crete.
The flourishing of the old middle Minoan palace was
the heyday of the island. At this time, the Cretan culture stands out
against the other cultures in the Aegean and the Cyclads and develops into
one of the high eastern Mediterranean cultures. Around 1700 BC, the Greeks
who had been leaving peacefully for many years in the mainland of Minor
Asia had to resist the attacks of tribes of riders from the northwest.
They had invented the carriages and this set them in a better position in
the fights with the Greek. These tribes reached also the Middle East and
Egypt destroying a great part of it.
terrible attacks broke the trade relations of Crete, that had to accept
the loss of its main trade partners Syria, Mesopotamia and specially
Egypt, and remained isolated. At the same time, this is in 1700 BC, the
palaces of Knossos, Phaistos and Mallia were destroyed in a row. The
absence of any kind of enemy weapon points to a devastating
earthquake that also caused a great damage in other places of the Aegean.
The following fires ended up destroying the palace completely.
Early History / Archaic Age / Classical Age / Hellenic Age / The Army / Timeline