quick all the best grain-growing areas were
occupied and the estates separated unfair. The most became nobly property
and beside lack of space resulted unhappiness.
The beginning of the archaic Period is characterized of
emigration. So the first Greek colonization were founded in the western
world. One of the first cities was Cumae in the bay of Neapel,
founded by Cymes and Chalks.
some other new colonized establishments came after it. Chalkis
on Sizilien, and Rhegium in Kalabrien,
nowadays Reggio and Messina.
founded Syrakus and
Kerkyra, nowadays Korfu.
of the northern Peloponnes
occupied the land in Sybaris, Kroton and Metapont
in south Italy. Also
Sparta founded Tarent in
and the inhabitants of
Rhodes and Crete settled down on the south coast of Sicilian. Around 630 BC araised further
colonies of the Ionian from Phokaia (Minor Asia), in the very west. Nizza, Antibes,
Monaco and Marseilles go back
to the Ionian settlement. South Italy became
something like a part of Greece.
Through the colonization,
newly established cities took over the cults, customs and sometimes even
the constitution of their mother city. The
mother city mostly provided the leader and the ships for the expedition.
The leader often became later the ruler or even
the King of the city (Poleis). It was possible
to established new colonies everywhere, where was no resistance, and the
people could concentrate to built up their city and the social system,
without defending their territory against enemies. With
this you can explain that the begin of colonization in the north of the
Aegean, because of stronger enemies, started later.
Probably Miletus introduce
the colonization in the North. It founded Istros, Olbia, Apollonia, Odessos
and Tomis. It is said that
they founded also more than 70 cities on the
coast of the black Sea. The inhabitants of
Megara joined them and it arised Heraklei, Kallatis
and Chersonesos. Also around
BC came up the Dorian
settlement in Kyrene, Lybia.
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